The Australian Professional Association for Trans Health (AusPATH) is an organization which actively promotes communication and collaboration amongst professionals involved in the health, rights and well-being of people who identify as transgender, gender diverse or non-binary. As such, we acknowledge and applaud contemporary research in this field which informs a better understanding of how best to assist transgender and gender diverse people of all ages.

An affirmative model of care for children and young people who identify as trans or gender diverse is standard clinical practice in Australia and NZ. In 2017, AusPATH endorsed the Australian standards of care and treatment guidelines for transgender and gender diverse children and adolescents, a guideline based on empirical scientific evidence and expert clinical consensus. This was published in the Medical Journal of Australia and later endorsed through an editorial in The Lancet. As The Lancet editorial states, “Children and adolescents with gender dysphoria often experience stigma, bullying, and abuse, resulting in high rates of mental illness, including depression, anxiety, and self-harm. But with supportive, gender-affirming management, as laid out by the Australian guidelines, these consequences can be minimised.”

Gender-affirming care encourages clinicians to listen to the child or adolescent, and their families, and to support them to explore and express their identity as they wish to do so. For children who desire to socially transition, research demonstrates that following transition, these children can demonstrate levels of emotional functioning and self-worth which is comparable to their cisgender peers, and clinical observation supports the role of social transition in ameliorating distress within this population. Social and medical transition in adolescents is also associated with improved mental health outcomes as well as educational and vocational attainment equivalent to their cisgender peers.

There is extensive evidence that psychological practices undertaken in an attempt to change a person’s gender identity to be more aligned with the sex assigned at birth (known as conversion or reparative therapies) lack efficacy, are considered unethical and can cause harm to people’s health and well-being. Denying or withholding care is also potentially harmful and should not be considered a neutral stance. Any group or organisation that promotes practices that deny a person the opportunity to express their gender identity and access support and medical intervention to improve their health and well-being should not be endorsed nor their practices condoned.

ANZPATH Executive Committee
September 2018


The Australian Professional Association for Trans Health (AusPATH) recognises the right of all people to legal identity recognition and to identity documents consistent with their gender and/or sex identity. Further, for optimal physical and mental health, all persons must enjoy the right to freely express their gender and/or sex identity, whether or not that identity conforms to the expectations of others.

Legally recognized documents matching self-identity are essential to the ability of all people to find employment, to navigate everyday transactions, to obtain health care, and to travel safely; Gender and/or sex diversity should not preclude individuals from enjoying the legal recognition all citizens expect and deserve. Barriers to legal recognition may harm an individual’s physical and mental health.
AusPATH opposes surgery or sterilization requirements to change legal sex or gender markers. No particular medical (including hormonal) or surgical procedure is an adequate indicator of a person’s gender identity. These should not be requirements for legal gender change. Living as one’s own identity for a year should suffice.

AusPATH recognizes that there is a spectrum of gender and/or sex identities, and that choices of identity limited to Male or Female inadequately reflects them all. AusPATH supports the option of X or Other as a personal choice.
Marital status should not affect legal recognition of gender change, and appropriate legal gender recognition should be available to gender and/or sex diverse youth. The right to legal recognition of gender extends to those incarcerated or institutionalized. Court hearings create financial and logistical barriers to legal gender change, and may also violate personal privacy rights or needs.
Therefore, the Australian Professional Association for Trans Health urges governments to eliminate unnecessary barriers, and to institute simple and accessible administrative procedures for gender and/or sex diverse people to obtain legal recognition of gender, consistent with each individual’s identity.


The WPATH Board of Directors strongly urges the de-psychopathologisation of gender variance worldwide. The expression of gender characteristics, including identities, that are not stereotypically associated with one’s assigned sex at birth is a common and culturally-diverse human phenomenon which should not be judged as inherently pathological or negative.

The psychopathologisation of gender characteristics and identities reinforces or can prompt stigma, making prejudice and discrimination more likely, rendering transgender and transsexual people more vulnerable to social and legal marginalisation and exclusion, and increasing risks to mental and physical well-being. WPATH urges governmental and medical professional organizations to review their policies and practices to eliminate stigma toward gender-variant people.

©Australian Professional Association for Trans Health - Privacy Policy & Legals


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